Ways of Selecting Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy causes seizures and it is one of the neurological disorders like stroke and dementia. This neurological disorder is experienced by many people across the world. AIDS, stroke, meningitis and traumatic brain injury are believed to be the main causes of epilepsy. There is also a higher chance of someone developing epilepsy if one if the family members has to this condition. There are studies which have shown that are some triggers that may cause epilepsy. Stress, lack of sleep, alcohol and illness are some if the triggers that an individual may face if he has the epileptic condition. Most people have different triggers and it could also be a combination of these triggers it other items. When it come stone ensuring that the neurological disorder has been managed the seizures that the persons has have to be identified. The two main types of seizures are focal seizures and generalized seizures. In generalized seizures an epilepsy patient will experience jerking movement of legs and arms and loss of bowel movement it bladder while focal seizures will cause the twitching of limbs, loss if the five senses and dizziness.
Epilepsy treatment drugs are based on the kind of seizures the person experiences. The drugs are categorized into two with each having it’s won side effects. The patient with epilepsy needs the broad spectrum drugs in treating more that one seizures that he or she has and the side effects of using the medication may include insomnia, fatigue and dizziness. The other anti- epilepsy drug is known as narrow spectrum and it is used to treat specific seizures with the side effects vary depending on how the drug has been administered. The narrow spectrum drug is mainly given to patients in firm if oral tablet, IV injection and solution form. The person with epilepsy mostly ha recurrent seizures and these drugs ensure that the seizures have stopped or fewer. Once the epileptic patient has noticed the triggers it will be easier to know whether the drugs are working it not. There is a risk that will occur if the condition is not managed.
There are other ways in which epilepsy can be managed when the drugs are not effective on the recurrent seizures. These options may include the vagus nerve stimulation and brain surgery. The seizures are stopped by the simulator placed under the skin of the epileptic person that sends electrical impulse to the brain. The brain surgery is the last resort since it’s invasive the part of the brain that causes seizures is normally removed. Ketogenic diet can also be initiated when the medication doesn’t work with studies showing improvement for those who undertake this diet.
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